Ibitipoca State Park
The Ibitipoca State Park is a forested park in the municipality of Lima Duarte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. It has area of 1,488 hectares (3,680 acres) and is situated 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from the district of Conceição do Ibitipoca (which is sustained by tourism attracted by the park). It was created on 4 July 1973 and is administered by the Instituto Estadual de Florestas of Minas Gerais.
“Ibitipoca” derives from the Tupi and signifies “burst mountain, from the terms ybytyra (“mountain”) e pok (“burst”).
Climate and Vegetation
The climate is humid subtropical, with mild rainy summers and dry winters. The park is on an outcrop of quartzite with a shallow soil (Cambisol) layer made up principally of organic material and sand formed by the erosion of the rock. Because of this a large part of the vegetation is Xerophyte, comprising true grasses and low growing herbaceous plants. In the regions where the soil is shallow are bushes, cactuses and bromeliads characteristic of rocky places. The rivers of the park are caramel coloured because of high levels of organic material.
The main attractions are the caves, mountains and waterfalls. The highest point in the park is known as Pico da Lombada and is a little more than 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) above sea level.